Death of a Manifesto

“Architecture Must Blaze” is the title of a 1980 manifesto by Coop Himmelb(l)au. In it, the architects declare: “we don’t want to exclude everything that is disquieting.” A ‘wing’ suspended from a crane is set ablaze to mark the occasion.

Image courtesy

‘The Blazing Wing’ performance by Coop Himmelb(l)au, 1980. Image courtesy

35 years later, outside the ceremony for the opening of Frankfurt’s new € 1.3 billion (!) European Central Bank headquarters designed by these very same architects, Blockupy movement protesters violently set cars and barricades on fire while clashing with police. Hundreds injured, hundreds arrested. The new skyscraper has to be cordoned off with razor wire and riot cops to prevent it from being set ablaze by the angry mob. This time, the architects are not in the street.

Architectural manifestoes are such dead letters.

ECB protest

‘Blockupy’ protest outside the opening of the ECB headquarters designed by Coop Himmelb(l)au, 2015. Image courtesy

About Rafael Gomez-Moriana

I am an architect, writer and educator. chronicles my architectural making, writing, teaching and curating activity, while is an archive of my writings as well as a platform for venting personal rants and observations. I studied architecture at the University of Waterloo (Canada) and at the Berlage Institute (the Netherlands). I direct the University of Calgary’s architecture term-abroad program in Barcelona, and have previously taught in the Metropolis Masters Program in Architecture and Urban Culture, CIEE Architecture and Design program, as well as at Carleton University and the University of Manitoba.


  1. Carmela Torró Micó

    ¿Quemar esculturas en el espacio público? Nada nuevo. Las fallas valencianas existen desde mediados del siglo XVIII.

  2. Rafael Gomez-Moriana

    Translation of Carmela’s comment: “Sculptures set ablaze in public space? Nothing new. The Valencian ‘Fallas’ [an annual festivity in which immense paper maché sculptures are burned in city streets] date back to the 1700s.”

  3. I’m a Korean student majoring in architecture, and I heard of this news recently from one of my friends who had been studying in Frankfurt. I found your post while googling about coop himmelblau ecb protest, and yours is like only one speaking about himmelblau’s defection… wonder why. anyway enjoyed reading your post.

    • Rafael Gomez-Moriana

      Thanks for commenting, Kris. Coop Himmelb(l)au are by far not the only architects whose deeds don’t match their words, alas.

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